Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR)
European section of United Cities and Local Governments


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Turkey

Turkey is a unitary state composed of villages (köy), municipalities (belediye) and special provincial administrations (il özel idaresi).


Data: 2016
Local level: 18,247 villages (köy), 1,397 municipalities (belediye) and 51 special provincial administrations (il özel idaresi)
Villages

Villages are the traditional local administration in rural areas and usually have a population size of 150
to 5,000 inhabitants.

The village council (köy derneği) is one of the decision-making bodies of the village and is composed of citizens of 18 years or older.

The village executive committee (ihtiyar heyeti) is the main executive body of the village.

The headman (muhtar) is elected by the villagers for a period of five years. He/she represents the village and carries out the services provided to its inhabitants.

Municipalities

The municipal council (belediye meclisi) is the local authority’s main decision-making body.  It is composed of members, whose number varies from 9 to 55 depending on the demographic size of the municipality, elected by direct universal suffrage for a period of five years.

The municipal executive committee (belediye encümeni) is both the executive and decision-making body of the municipality.  A part of its members are bureaucrats appointed by the mayor from among the local administration’s heads of unit, while the rest are elected from within the municipal council for a one-year term.  Local authorities with a population of less than 100 000 have five executive committee members while those with more than 100 000 inhabitants have seven members.

The mayor (belediye başkanı) is the executive body of the municipality.  He/she is elected by direct universal suffrage for five years. The mayor heads the municipal administration and represents the local authority.

Municipalities with more than 100,000 inhabitants can also open shelters for women and children.

Competences of villages and municipalities

. Town planning
. Water supply and sewage
. Transport
. Environment and environmental health
. Hygiene
. Police, fire fighting, emergency, rescue and ambulance services
. Urban traffic
. Funerals and cemeteries
. Parks and green areas
. Housing
. Culture and tourism
. Youth and sports
. Social services and assistance
. Weddings
. Vocational and skills training
. Services for economic and commercial development
Special provincial administrations
The provincial council (il genel meclisi) is the special provincial administration's legislative body and is composed of members elected by direct universal suffrage for a five-year mandate. It is headed by a president, elected by and from among the members of the council.

The provincial executive committee (il encümeni) is composed of ten members. Five members are elected each year by the provincial council from among its own members via secret ballot. The other five are appointed for a one year period by the governor, from among the heads of unit of the special provincial administration. The head of the financial services unit is mandatorily one of them.

The governor (vali) is the head of the special provincial administration. He/she is appointed by the national government and represents the special provincial administration. Governors represent the central government apparatus across the provinces, whereas district governors do so for districts.

In 2014, the status of 30 provinces was converted into that of a metropolitan municipality system and their special provincial administration was abolished. Municipalities enjoy full administrative and financial autonomy.

Competences

• Health and social assistance
• Public works
• Culture
• Education
• Agriculture and animal husbandry
• Economic and commercial matters
• Urban planning for villages
 

CEMR in Turkey

Union of Municipalities of Turkey
Secretary General: Hayrettin GÜNGÖR
Türkiye Belediyeler Birliği
Atatürk Bulvari No:229, 06680 Kavaklıdere / Ankara
Tel.: +90 312 419 21 00-1
Fax: +90 312 419 21 30
E-mail: tbb@tbb.gov.tr
Web: www.tbb.gov.tr
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