Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR)
European section of United Cities and Local Governments


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Norway

Norway is a unitary state composed of municipalities (kommune) and counties (fylkeskommune).

Data: 2016
Local level: 428 municipalities (kommune)
The local council (kommunestyret) is the municipality’s deliberative body and is composed of councillors elected for four years from party lists via a system of proportional representation. The local council is the highest decision-making body of the municipality and is in charge of local budgetary, financial and planning issues.

The executive committee (formannskap) is composed of members coming from the different political parties, based on the results obtained in the last local election. The committee prepares decisions concerning the local budget as well as annual accounts and local taxes for the local council.  It also makes decisions when it comes to less important or more urgent matters and monitors the administration’s implementation of political decisions.

The mayor (ordfører) is elected for a period of four years by and from within the local council. He/she heads the council, chairs its meetings and represents the municipality.

Competences

. Child welfare
. Primary and secondary education
. Health care
. Social services
. Culture and leisure
. Technical infrastructure
. Local planning

Note

Three of the larger cities, Oslo, Bergen and Tromsø, have a parliamentary system, whereby the local council elects a city government supported by a majori ty of councillors. The city government heads the local administration, makes recommendations to the city council, and is responsible for carrying out its decisions. Following the 2015 local elections, Tromsø will return to the executive committee model by mid-2016.

The capital city of Oslo is divided into fifteen boroughs, each of which has a borough council, whose members are elected by direct universal suffrage.
Regional level: 19 counties (fylkeskommune)
The county council (fylkestinget) is composed of councillors elected by proportional representation for a period of four years. It is the county’s legislative body and is in charge of the budgetary, financial and planning issues.

The executive committee (fylkesutvalget) is composed of members designated by and from within the county council and meets at least once a month. Much like the municipality’s executive committee, it prepares decisions on the county’s budget, annual accounts and taxes.  The executive committee also makes decisions on less important or more urgent matters and monitors the administration’s implementation of political decisions.

The county mayor (fylkesordfører) is elected by the county council among the members of the executive committee for a four-year mandate. He/she heads both the county council and the executive committee and represents the county.

Competences

• Secondary education
• Regional development
• Transport and environment
• Trade and industrial policy.
• Culture
• Dental health

Note

The city of Oslo has the status of a municipality and of a county, and thus enjoys both the local and regional competences listed above.

Four of the counties, in addition to Oslo, have a parliamentary system, whereby the county council elects a county government supported by the majority of the councillors

CEMR in Norway

Norwegian Association of Local and Regional Authorities
Director General: Lasse HANSEN
Kommunesektorens organisasjon KS
Headquarters: Haakon VIIs gate 9, 0161 Oslo
Mailing address: Postboks 1378 Vika, 0114 Oslo
Tel.: +47 24 13 26 00
Fax: +47 22 83 22 22
E-mail: ks@ks.no
Web: www.ks.no
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