Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR)
European section of United Cities and Local Governments


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Croatia

Croatia is a unitary state composed of municipalities, towns, cities (grad) and counties (županija).

Data: 2016
Local level: 428 municipalities, 127 towns and cities
Municipalities

Municipalities in Croatia are units of local self-government  with less than 10,000 inhabitants.

The municipal council (općinsko vijeće) is the municipality's representative body. Members of the municipal council are elected by direct universal suffrage for a period of four years.

The municipal mayor (načelnik) is the municipality's executive body.  He/she notably directs the activities of the administrative bodies and ensures that existing legislation is enforced.

Towns and cities

Towns are units of local selfgovernment with more than 10,000 inhabitants and cities are units of
local self-government with more than 35,000 inhabitants. In exceptional cases, when there are some special reasons (historic, economic, and geographic), a place may be defined as being a town /city even though it has fewer than 10,000 inhabitants.

The town/city assembly (gradska skupština) is the town/city representative body. Members of the town/city assembly are elected by direct universal suffrage for a period of four years.

The mayor (gradonacelnik) is the town/city's executive body. He/she notably directs the activities of the administrative bodies and ensures that existing legislation is enforced.

Competences of municipalities and towns

. Localities and housing
. Regional and town planning
. Child care
. Social welfare
. Primary health care
. Education
. Culture
. Sports
. Consumer protection
. Environment
. Fire prevention
. Civil protection
. Regional traffic

Competence of cities (on top of those also held by municipalities)

• Maintenance of public roads
• Building and renting permits

Note

The City of Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, has the status of a city and of a county, which means its competencies are those of both local and regional authorities.
Regional level: 21 counties (županija)
There are a total of 21 counties, including the city of Zagreb, which doubles as a county and as a city.

Counties are the primary territorial subdivision of Croatia.  These regional self-government units have a large degree of autonomy.  Croatia is currently undergoing a process of decentralisation of power from the national level to the regional level.  Thus, many administrative tasks are gradually being transmitted to the counties.

The county assembly (županijska skupština) is the county's representative body.  The assembly is composed of members elected by direct universal suffrage for a four-year term.  The county assembly elects the county's executive leadership and decides on the yearly budget.

The county prefect (župan) is the county's executive body.  He/she represents the county in external affairs and presides over its executive government.

Competences

. Education
. Health services
. Regional and town planning
. Economic development
. Traffic and traffic infrastructure
. Maintenance of public roads

CEMR in Croatia

Croatian County Association
Secretary General: Melita PAVLEK
Hrvatska Zajednica Županija
Ulica Grada Vukovara 271, 10 000 Zagreb
Tel.: +385 1 6110 361
Fax: +385-1-6040 767
E-mail: tajnistvo@hrvzz.hr
Web: www.hrvzz.hr
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