Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR)
European section of United Cities and Local Governments


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Spain

Spain is a unitary state composed of municipalities (municipios), county councils (diputaciones), Canary Island county councils (cabildos), Balearic Island county councils (consejos insulares), autonomous cities (ciudades autónomas) and autonomous communities (comunidades autonómas).


Data: 2016
Local level: 8,124 municipalities (municipios) and 52 county councils (diputaciones, consejos and cabildos)
The local council (pleno) is the local authority’s deliberative body and is composed of councillors elected by direct universal suffrage for a four-year term. This assembly approves the local budget, urban planning, by-laws and municipal rules.

The government council (junta de gobierno) is the local authority’s executive body. It is composed of local councillors appointed by the mayor to assist him in his work and to exercise a number of executive functions.

The mayor (alcalde) or president (presidente) is the head of the executive body. He/she is appointed by and from within the local council and is assisted by a number of councillors which he/she nominates and can dismiss. The mayor also chairs the local council.

Competences

In every local authority
. Water supply
. Street lighting
. Urban traffic
. Food security
. Road maintenance
. Sewage and waste management

In local authorities of over 5,000 inhabitants (in addition to the aforementioned)
. Public libraries
. Green areas
. Local police

In local authorities of over 20,000 inhabitants (in addition to the aforementioned)
. Social services
. Fire prevention
. Sporting facilities

In local authorities of over 50,000 inhabitants (in addition to the aforementioned)
. Public transport
. Protection of the environment
Regional level: 17 autonomous communities (comunidades autonómas) and 2 autonomous cities (ciudades autónomas)
The regional assembly (asamblea regional) is the deliberative body. Its members are elected by direct universal suffrage for a four-year term. It exercises devolved legislative power.

The regional government council (consejo de gobierno) is the executive body and is headed by the president who appoints its members. It regulates and initiates legislation.

The president is elected by the regional assembly for a four-year mandate. The president manages and coordinates the work of the regional government council and represents the autonomous community vis-à-vis the national government.

Competences

. Territorial development
. Civil engineering
. Economy
. Agriculture
. Culture
. Social policies
. Environmental management
. Development of economic activities
. Health
. Education

Note

The autonomous communities can create their own police force.

The two autonomous cities (Ceuta and Melilla) are special administrative units, halfway between a municipality and an autonomous community. Unlike the independent communities, they do not have their own legislative assembly but do have deliberative powers.

CEMR in Spain

Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces
Secretary General: Juan Ávila
Federación Española de Municipios y Provincias (FEMP)
Calle del Nuncio, 8
ES - 28005 Madrid
Tel.: +34-91-364 3700
Fax: +34-91-365 5482
E-mail: femp@femp.es
Web: www.femp.es
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