Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR)
European section of United Cities and Local Governments


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Romania

Romania is a unitary state composed of municipalities (comune), towns (orase), cities (municipii) and counties (judete).

Data: 2016
Local level: 2,861 municipalities (comune), 217 towns (orase) and 103 cities (municipii)
The local council (consiliul local) is the local authority’s deliberative assembly. It is composed of councillors elected by direct universal suffrage for a four-year term. The number of councillors is determined by order of the prefect based on the demographic size of the local authority. The local council’s work revolves around economic, social and environmental development, public and private property and the management of public services.

The mayor (primarul) is the local authority’s executive body and is elected by direct universal suffrage for a period of four years. He/she is responsible for the local budget and public services. The mayor also represents the local authority vis-à-vis other authorities, represents the national government within the municipality, town or city, and cooperates with the decentralised departments of national government ministries and specialised units present within its jurisdiction.

Competences

. Housing
. Local police
. Urban planning
. Waste management
. Public health
. Transport infrastructure and urban transport planning
. Water supply and sewage system
. District heating
. Pre-school, primary, secondary, vocational and technical education
. Local heritage administration
. Administration of parks and open green public areas
Regional level: 41 counties (judete)
The county council (consiliul judetean) is composed of members elected by direct universal suffrage for a four-year term. It monitors the implementation of provisions outlined in public administration-related legislation. The council is also responsible for the distribution of public funds, for the economic, social and environmental development of the county, for managing county property and for managing certain public services.

The president (presedinte) heads the county council and is elected by direct universal suffrage for a period of four years. He/she is in charge of the legal representation of the council vis-à-vis third parties. The president can delegate responsibilities to the two vice-presidents, appointed by the members of the county council.

The prefect (prefect) is appointed by the national government. The prefect is the guarantor of law and order at the local level and ensures the legality of the administrative acts adopted by local public administration authorities. He/she represents the national government within the county and ensures that national government strategies and programmes are implemented at the regional level. There are 42 prefects in total: one for each county and one for the capital city of Bucharest.

There is no subordination between local councils and county councils.

Competences
 
  • Regional development
  • Economic, environmental and social development
  • Management of public services
  • Urban planning and landscaping
  • Water supply
  • Sewage
  • Public transport
  • Public health
  • Transport infrastructure
  • Social assistance
  • Education
  • Cooperation between local and national authorities

CEMR in Romania

Association of Romanian Communes
Director General: Sergiu ŢÂRA
Asociatia Comunelor din România
Strada General Constantin Coandă nr. 18 - Sector1, 010646 Bucharest
Tel. / Fax: +40 21 311 99 69
E-mail: acor@acor.ro
Web: www.acor.ro
National Union of County Councils of Romania
Secretary General: Gheorghe Bunea STANCU
Uniunea Nationala a Consiliilor Judetene din România
Strada Dunarii nr 178, Alexandria 140047
Tel.: +40 247 316 077
Fax: +40 247 312 494
E-mail: office@uncjr.ro
Web: www.uncjr.ro
Romanian Municipalities Association
Director General: Constantin MITACHE
Asociatia Municipiilor din România
Matei Basarab Street, n°63
3rd Sector, Bucharest
030672, Romania
Tel.: +40 21 312 36 75
Fax: +40 31 102 35 72
E-mail : amr@amr.ro
Web : www.amr.ro
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