Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR)
European section of United Cities and Local Governments


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Moldova

The Republic of Moldova is a unitary state composed of two levels of local government. The first tier is composed by: villages (sate), communes (comune), cities (orașe) and municipalities (municipii). The second tier is formed of districts (raioane), the Gagauzia Autonomous Territorial Administrative Unit and the municipalities of Chisinau and Balti.

Data: 2016
Local level: 1,547 villages (sate) and communes (comune), 5 municipalities (municipii) and 61 cities (orașe) plus about 66 villages (sate) within city structure
The local council (consiliu local) is the deliberative body of the local authorities. Its members are elected by direct universal suffrage for a period of four years, either on the basis of political party lists or independent candidates. Budget setting, local policies and territorial planning are the main competences. The executive body is represented by the mayor (primar), who is elected by direct universal suffrage for a period of four years, and by the mayor's office (primarie).

Competences of communes, cities and municipalities

• Urban and spatial planning
• Waste management
• Water management and sewerage systems
• Local roads management
• Local public transport
• Cemeteries
• Local property management
• Educational centre management
• Local gas and heating distribution
• Culture, sport and recreation
• Economic development
• Social housing
• Fire services
Regional level 32 districts (raioane), the Gagauzia Autonomous Territorial Administrative Unit and the municipalities of Chisinau and Balti
The district is a territorial - administrative unit of the second level, consisting of a large number of villages and cities and satisfying the role of a distinct regional entity.

The district council (Counsiliul raional) is a representative body of local government, elected through free and universal elections. The district council sets up a permanent board as a working body and executive authority comprised of the chair of the district, vice chairs and their executive apparatus.

The chair (presedinte) of the district is elected by the regional council for 4 years. He/she is at the head of the region's executive branch or apparatus. The executive body at the regional level is called the district chair's office (Aparatul Presedintelui raionului).

The executive body is responsible for the administration of regional affairs and implementation of the decisions of the district council.

Competences

• Management of property
• Regional public transport
• Spatial planning
• Economic development support
• Local gas and heat distribution
• Education building maintenance
• Cultural, tourism and sport management
• Social assistance

The Gagauzia Autonomous Territorial Administrative Unit (Gagauz-Yeri)

Gagauzia is an autonomous territorial unit having a special statute and representing a form of self-determination of the Gagauzian people. As a special territorial unit it has its own assembly, the Gagauzian people's assembly (in Gagauz: HalkTopluşu; in Romanian: Adunarea Populara), which enjoys lawmaking powers within its own jurisdiction, and a governor (Gagauz: Başkan; Romanian: Guvernatorul Gagauziei) holds the executive power. She/he is elected by direct universal suffrage for a period of four years. Permanent executive power in Gagauz-Yeri is exercised by an executive committee (Bakannik Komiteti/Comitetul Executiv). Its members are appointed by the governor or by a simple majority vote in the assembly at its first session. The executive committee ensures the application of the laws of the Republic of Moldova and those of the Gagauzian assembly.

Competences

• Science
• Culture
• Education
• Housing management
• Urban planning
• Health services
• Physical culture and sports
• Local budget, financial and taxation activities
• Economy and ecology
• Labour relations and social security
• Own police force
• International and foreign policy

The municipality of Chisinau (municipiul Chisinau) and the municipality of Balti (municipiul Balti)

The municipalities of Chisinau and Balti have competences of both local level and district level.

Competences

• Social and economic development
• Maintenance of public roads
• Construction of hospitals, schools, roads
• Health care
• Maintenance of sanitation and social institutions
• Assistance to young families
• Social protection to the unemployed
• Public order
• Environment protection
• Youth activities and sports
• Secondary education and professional education

Congress of Local Authorities of Moldova
Executive Director: Viorel FURDUI
Congresul Autorităților Locale din Moldova
Columna 106 A
Chişinău - Republica Moldova
Tel.: +373 22 22-35-09
Fax: +373 22 22-35-29
E-mail: info@calm.md
Web: www.calm.md
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